A medico-legal case can be defined as a case of injury or illness, etc., where investigations by law enforcement agencies are essential to determine responsibility for the injury or illness. Simply put, this is a medical matter with legal implications for the attending physician, in which the attending physician, after taking the medical history and examining the patient, believes that an investigation by law enforcement authorities is essential. Or a legal case that requires medical expertise when brought by the police for investigation. The minimum number of cases was reported in February. The months of May to August and October to January slightly increased the number of reported forensic cases, as shown in Table II. This study also showed that most cases were reported during the rainy season (July and August) followed by winter (November, December, January) compared to summer (March, April, May and June). In our study of 3105 cases, the maximum number of cases of 1283 (42%) with age preference was reported in the third decade of life, that is, in the 21-30 age group, followed by the 11-20 age group, which showed 955 (31%) cases. Almost three-quarters of victims (73%) were under 30 years of age, with incidence decreasing beyond this age (Table I). Medico-legal cases must be handled properly and in accordance with current institutional guidelines. As a rule, all major hospitals and educational institutions have an “institutional forensic manual” that progressively describes the correct procedure for treating the different types of MLC. Even if such manuals are not available, these cases are not a problem if you exercise caution and care and attention when handling them. Proper documentation, timely information, methodical and thorough review, including all relevant investigations and referrals, etc.
are all that is needed to complete such cases. In cases of blunt trauma, edged weapon injuries and firearm injuries, there was a high preponderance of victims from rural areas (65%), (62%) and 61%, respectively, while urban cases accounted for less. The number of road accidents was high in urban areas (74 per cent) compared to those reported in rural areas (37 per cent). Reported sexual assault was reported more (76%) in urban than rural areas, and reported poisonings were almost the same in urban and rural areas (see Table III for details). Not so long ago, a teenager, seriously injured after being hit by a KSRTC bus in Koppal, Karnataka, died in hospital simply because he had not received timely help from the public. Although the hospital was only a stone`s throw from the crash site, people watched Anwar writhe in pain and some even used their mobile phones to take photos and videos. None of them tried to take him to the hospital. Ordinary people still fear that in these cases they are linked to the MLC because of their ignorance. Instead of simply berating this ruthless and inhumane attitude in public, there is an urgent need to raise public awareness of the fact that almost 50% of accident victims have an excellent chance of survival if they receive immediate help and treatment. Anyone near the scene of the accident can call the emergency number 108 or 104 for the ambulance, and the victim will be taken free of charge to the nearest hospital for emergency treatment.
Hospitals are required to admit this, whether or not it is a medico-legal matter, and the government reimburses the cost of treatment up to Rs 25,000. In terms of gender distribution, men received mainly 2516 (81%) compared to 589 women (19%) with a male/female ratio of 4:1. In our study, most medico-legal cases were reported in urban areas in 1879 (61%) compared to 1226 (39%) in rural areas. Coverage of sexual assault has been the lowest due to our socio-cultural taboos and norms, and can also be attributed to lower coverage of medical legal cases among female victims, with a ratio of 4:1 men to women. A total of 418 RMLs were included in this study. Fights or physical assaults and assaults accounted for the majority of MLCs in the number of MLCs in the number of MLCs. Blunt injuries were the dominant type of injury in most cases (81.8%). With respect to errors in RPMs, no RPMs were error-free in this study. · All cases of injuries and burns – the circumstances of which indicate the commission of a crime by someone.
(regardless of suspicion of criminal wrongdoing) From January 1, 2015 to January 31, 2015. As of December 2015, a total of 3105 forensic cases were included in the study. The accident department has documented various types of medico-legal cases, which are illustrated in Fig. 1. To get online legal advice from the best lawyer for medico-legal cases, you can visit the largest online legal solution www.licit.ooo or download the app from the Playstore via the following link goo.gl/L8GeYk Fights or physical attacks and assault and battery made up the majority of MLCs. Several errors were found in the MLRs provided by the doctors. The drafting of MMRs should follow standardized guidelines regarding legal procedures and patients` rights. We recommend that physicians train physicians in the drafting of MMRs in the interest of the proper administration of justice.